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#1 2015-05-17 03:00:30

CathyJK
A.C.E. Addicted
From: Near Invermere, BC
Registered: 2012-12-02
Posts: 1199

Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks
Phillip J. Clauer, Poultry Extension Specialist, Animal and Poultry Sciences




Best Breeds To Raise:
Meat-type crosses (Rock - Cornish) or commercial hybrid broilers are the most  efficient birds available. Purebred poultry most commonly raised for meat are Cornish, Plymouth Rocks and White Jersey Giants. Purebreds are less efficient and take up to 14 weeks to develop a desirable  carcass. When considering birds for meat production,  select birds with light colored plumage. Dark feathered birds are less desirable because of their dark pin feathers left after slaughtering.

Floor Space:

At least 1.5 square feet per bird, however, 2 square feet recommended.

Litter:
Wet and compacted lit ter is of special concern with meat - type birds. These conditions cause  breast sores and leg weaknesses and give the carcasses an undesirable appearance. Never brood chicks on slippery surfaces. Meat birds need traction and leg support. Pine shavings or straw work best.

Feed:
Feed a completely balanced ration. For fryers and broilers, feed a starter mash or crumble pellets containing 20 - 23% protein until slaughtered. For roasters, feed a 20% protein starter for the first 6 weeks  then switch to a 18% protein grower feed. Many people just "dilute" the starter by feeding 90% starter mash with 10% corn from 6 to 10 weeks and feeding 80% starter mash and 20% corn after 10 weeks of age.

Feeders:
Three (3) inches of feeder space per bird. The lip of the feeder should be level with the birds  back height to prevent feed wastage. Only fill trough feeder 1/3 or 1/2 full to prevent wastage. Keep feed  in front of birds at all times.

Waterers:
At least 6 gallons of water per 100 birds daily. Clean the waterers and provide fresh water daily. Place the waterers so that the lip is level with the birds back. One inch (1") of water space/bird.

Lights:
Constant light is recommended. Provide one 25 - 40 watt bulb per 100 sq. feet.

Roosts:
Do not use roosts for meat - type chickens . Roosts cause breast blisters, crooked keels, bruises  and lameness in heavy meat birds.

Nests:

Do not use nests. Birds should be slaughtered before they reach production age. Meat - type birds  make poor layers. If you raise dual purpose birds, put nests in place after you slaughter the culls and  males.

Yards:
Not necessary, but if desired, confine the birds to an exercise area which provides between 5 and  10 sq. feet per bird.

When To Slaughter:
- Two (2) to three (3) lbs. fryers should be slaughtered at 4  to 5 weeks of age;
- 4 to 5  2 lb. broilers slaughtered at 6 to 9 weeks of age; and,
- roasters at 9 to 14 weeks of age.
Remember, as the  birds get older and larger they become less efficient and they eat a larger amount of feed for each pound  of weight gained. Older birds produce more fat, so slaughter the birds as close to the desired weight as  possible.

Reviewed by Audrey McElroy , associate professor, Animal and Poultry Sciences

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#2 2015-05-17 03:11:00

yardbirds
Administrator
From: just north of Yorkton, Sk
Registered: 2011-08-02
Posts: 9533

Re: Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

Thanks Cathy made this a sticky  :thumbsup:


Soldier of Tolerance

[ If you consider yourself a "gift" to all you share your life with....I promise you will always give your best.... ]

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#3 2015-05-17 06:57:59

debbiej
I Love A.C.E.
From: Vancouver Island BC
Registered: 2010-04-01
Posts: 6054

Re: Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

Thank you , good information


Euskal Oiloa,  Dorkings,  Guinea Fowl , 2 Boston Terriers & 1 Rottweiler

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#4 2015-05-17 11:48:10

Robbie
I Love A.C.E.
From: Blackstock, Ontario
Registered: 2012-08-29
Posts: 1627

Re: Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

Thanks for posting, very good information.

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#5 2015-05-17 11:55:01

Roots
A.C.E. Addicted
From: Calahoo, Alberta
Registered: 2011-01-11
Posts: 656

Re: Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

So the light bulb stays on 24/7?


Looking for Legbar hatching eggs and rooster, and rosecomb brown leghorn hatching eggs and rooster.

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#6 2015-05-17 14:26:38

CathyJK
A.C.E. Addicted
From: Near Invermere, BC
Registered: 2012-12-02
Posts: 1199

Re: Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

Roots wrote:

So the light bulb stays on 24/7?

yes, I hadn't ever seen that before either. BUT we had a neighbour who used to run one of those giant egg laying operations and those layers had constant, low level lighting.

I wonder why?

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#7 2015-05-17 15:27:35

Roots
A.C.E. Addicted
From: Calahoo, Alberta
Registered: 2011-01-11
Posts: 656

Re: Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

CATHYJK wrote:

Roots wrote:

So the light bulb stays on 24/7?

yes, I hadn't ever seen that before either. BUT we had a neighbour who used to run one of those giant egg laying operations and those layers had constant, low level lighting.

I wonder why?

You would think the long photoperiod would stress the chickens? but I suppose with a life span of 6 weeks, stress is not a factor.  Have to remember the the main goal is fast development with little wasted feed.


Looking for Legbar hatching eggs and rooster, and rosecomb brown leghorn hatching eggs and rooster.

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#8 2015-05-17 15:52:14

CathyJK
A.C.E. Addicted
From: Near Invermere, BC
Registered: 2012-12-02
Posts: 1199

Re: Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

Roots wrote:

CATHYJK wrote:

Roots wrote:

So the light bulb stays on 24/7?

yes, I hadn't ever seen that before either. BUT we had a neighbour who used to run one of those giant egg laying operations and those layers had constant, low level lighting.

I wonder why?

You would think the long photoperiod would stress the chickens? but I suppose with a life span of 6 weeks, stress is not a factor.  Have to remember the the main goal is fast development with little wasted feed.

iNTERESTING

Found another article that says high amounts of light are not great for broilers... read the paper here  http://en.aviagen.com/assets/Uploads/Ro … oilers.pdf

Only read the first part ... when I get back in will read the rest :)

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#9 2015-05-18 04:36:50

shaneb99
I Love A.C.E.
From: Strathmore
Registered: 2012-08-28
Posts: 2045

Re: Management Requirements for Meat Bird Flocks

The Avigen paper says that keeping the light on 24 hours actually causes them to grow slower and it gets worse the older they get.  Unfortunately the study stopped at 49 days.  The range from 18-20 hrs seems to be the best.


Blue Buff and Silver Laced Brahmas plus too much other stuff to list.

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